Occitanie (Languedoc Roussillon-Midi-Pyrénées)

French regional jewellery - Occitanie
(Languedoc Roussillon Midi Pyrénées)

 

BIJOUX REGIONAUX ANCIENS - BIJOU REGIONAL

The Croix Badine is the most emblematic jewel of the Languedoc Roussillon region.   The suspension ring is hidden behind the cross as is a hinge which articulates the lower part of the cross.  The Badine cross is made in pink gold, often quite tarnished, and set with rose-cut garnets which are generally set above red tinted foil in order to give more colour and brilliance to the garnets.  For this reason, the cross should never be immersed in water, as the foil will be discoloured.  The word badine is an old French word which means "to move gently" and refers to the way the cross is articulated allowing the lower part to move.
 
 


  Badine cross, early-nineteenth century in pink gold (heavily tarnished) and garnets

 

 


Badine cross, early-nineteenth century in pink gold and garnets

 

 

          
Badine cross, eighteenth century in pink gold and garnets

                   

 

 

 

Garnet-set jewellery from Languedoc-Roussillon

 

 


garnet-set cross, 18th century (200%)

 

 


brooch in gold and garnets

 

 


cross in gold and garnets

 

 

 


gold and garnet ring

 

Traditional garnet ring from the Languedoc Roussillon region

gold and garnet ring

 

 

 

 

 
earrings in gold and garnets
 
earrings in gold and garnets
 

 

 


necklace in gold and garnets

 

 


Narbonne cross in gold

 

 


Narbonne cross in gold

 

 

 


The Narbonne cross - tube-shaped and with three incised rings on each arm
 

 

 


Narbonne cross in gold

 

 

 


Narbonne traditional costume and cross    

 

 

 


Narbonne traditional costume and cross


 

 


 "Collier d'esclavage" (slave necklace) in gold and enamel with its matching ear pendants
These necklaces were worn in many regions, this one is illustrated here solely because it was found in the region and because it's so lovely

 

 

 

 


detail  of "collier d'esclavage" (slave necklace) in gold and enamel

 


Cicada brooch signed by Guiraud, gold.  The cicada is the symbol of the Felibrige association

 

 

 

   


"poissarde" ear pendants in enamelled gold, collected in Nîmes

   

 

 

 


collection of jewels belonging to a family in Languedoc Roussillon

 

 

                  
 gold badine cross from the Tarn with its enamelled slide

 

 

The badine cross of Tarn or Castres cross is composed of four half-spherical and faceted elements from which is suspended by a ring a fifth similar element but in the shape of a pear. The fact that this element can move, or badine, is what gives this cross its name. There are two pear-shaped elements attached to the intersection of the arms on the top of the cross and two similar pendants attached by rings on the bottom of the cross. According to Michel Yvon, these crosses "were sold at the fair of Beaucaire and in Avignon."

 

 


gold badine cross from the Tarn with its slide

 

 

 


gold badine cross from the Tarn

 

 

 

         
 gold and enamelled badine cross from the Tarn

 

The chatelaine

 

The most distinctive piece of jewellery in the Poitou - Charentes region is the silver chatelaine which women wore on their skirts.  Chatelaines are known as claviers (lou clavié) in Provence, chatelaines in Alsace and crochets in Poitou-Charentes and the Pays de la Loire. Some authors thought they had identified chatelaines set with rhinestones in Normandy however these are in fact, at least originally before transformation, busquières (see section Normandy). Chatelaines are formed of a length of metal more or less decorated and often engraved and pierced, then bent back on itself with a spatula-shaped segment to hang on the inside of the skirt. They are generally used to suspend a pair of scissors on two chains, sometimes a key and, according to Lionel Bonnemère, a punch used to kill poultry was suspended in Poitou.


There are differences in the shapes of the chatelaines according to the regions. In the south, there is a special type which has at the top a door-knocker shaped ring which opens with a silver screw. This ring was used to hang keys, leaving the chains free for a pair of scissors. There are also chatelaines in the south where the simple chains are split by a separator with a design matching that of the hook. Niort was an important centre of manufacture of chatelaines in the 19th century and there are chatelaines from Niort to be found throughout the southern half of France, most of which were manufactured between 1815 and 1880.

 

         
Silver belt clip or chatelaine with hallmark from Nîmes

 

 

        Silvrt
Silver belt clip with design of a hand holding a laurel wreath

 

 

        
large provençal clavier entirely hand-engraved
note the extra loop on the back part used to securely attach it to the skirt with a few stitches

 

 

 

 

 
 
 

Two silver belt-clips or chatelaines from the Nîmes area, one decorated with two burning hearts on an altar, pierced by an arrow, the other with a basket of flowers

 

 

 

 

      
clavier in silver

 

 

         
clavier in silver

 

 

 

 

 


clavier in silver

 

 


clavier in silver

 

 

 

                         
two claviers in silver

 

 

 

    


clavier in silver

 

 


Cévenole heart pendant in silver filigree with three trissous drops

 

         
Basque flowered crosses in gold and in silver, modern

 

 


silver pendant with a basque cross motif

 

Contact me with your suggestions, corrections, photos, questions and comments!

 

 

Contents:

croix Badine ancienne - bijoux régionaux - bijou régional - bijoux en grenats - bijoux des régions de France - les bijoux traditionnels français - boucles d'oreilles grenat - bague grenat – le grenat de Perpignan - French regional jewellery – jewelry - French traditional jewellery – jewelry - French folk-dress - French folk costumes - antique French jewellery - les bijoux de France - les bijoux des Français- antieke zeeuwse streeksieraden in zeeland friesland - Brabantse klederdrachten en streeksieraden

 

BIJOUX REGIONAUX ANCIENS - BIJOU REGIONAL

 

French regional jewellery - Occitanie
(Languedoc Roussillon Midi Pyrénées)